The PIXIPOL unified theoretical currency

A. D. Corlan

2015-01-03 (last changed: 2015-07-16) (archived at: http://www.webcitation.org/6WBhwsay9 as well as, previously, http://www.webcitation.org/6VP52twpk)

The pixipol system of theoretical currencies (account money) is an attempt to provide a method to estimate the purchasing power of money, using an unit that is constant in time and (geographical) space.

Its purpose is primarily to allow a quick, gross, assessment of the value of ammounts mentioned in historical novels, movies and TV shows (how much is a doubloon worth in strips of gold pressed latinum? well, 8/15, a little above half a strip.).

The pixipol [PXP] is defined as equal to a debasing Special Drawing Right (XDR or SDR), with an average rate of 3.1415926% per year, that covers the recent decades, after the end of the Bretton Woods system. The value of the pixipol was 1 PXP = 1 XDR at t0=september 2, 2006.

1 PXP = 1.031415926(t-t0) XDR at time t, measured in years.

A convenient subdivision of the PXP is the PXS, or the picsikle or, shortly, the pic (we will use PIC below), that is:

1 PIC = 1/60 PXP

For the interval covering the 3000 years before the Bretton Woods, when the currency, or at least the account currencies, effectively consisted of gold and silver, 1 PIC is defined as 1/16 of a gram of sterling (0.925) silver or 1/240 of a gram of standard (0.91) gold. The gold/silver ratio that we assume is thus 15.247253 which is the upper limit of the gold/silver purchasing power ratio along the history. It is also close to the ratio of the two metals in natural deposits. The current world market ratio is about 3 times higher for gold, but neither gold nor silver are really circulating as money anymore. The PIC is also close to the value of a troy grain of silver, as well as, grossly, a stater, or shekel, of brass or other non-ferous base metals, thus the name (picsikle).

The most widely used currency standards used across multiple countries and regions over the history are assigned integer numbers of PICs, that approximate either the definition of theoretical currencies (for example: one troy pound of sterling is about 373g, but we assign for it 6000 PICs, that is 375*16) or the most widely circulated ammount, or just an ammount in the middle of the circulating range for the more fluctuating currencies.

The assignment of the PIC ammount for each currency is choosen as to preserve, as much as possible, widely known and used historical ratios between various coins.

Ammounts of other commodities, such as copper or wheat, that have been widely used as 'natural' currencies are also assigned PIC ammounts, based on current market values. These prices show a curious constancy (with fluctuations of up to only three times) with respect to silver, extending over the last millenia.

Another commodity that is relatively constant with respect to the a stable currency value is energy. 1 PIC = 1 MJ (megajoule) of electricity delivered at the power socket in a city household for most countries (like the USA or Romania) that do not tax electricity too highly, thus it represents an adequate gross assessment of its economic value.

The PIXORLANT (PXO) or CLARKE is a PIXIPOL multiple:

1 PXO = 60 PXP

It is equivallent to 1MWh of electrical energy delivered at the home socket. Arthur Clarke predicted that in 2016 all other currencies will be replaced by the MWh, thereby this unit is also called a 'Clarke'.

Besides grasping what values they talk about in novels, you can use these to evaluate things such as total cost of ownership of something over many years (when devaluation counts).

And also, of course, you can resuscitate ancient currencies. For example, you can take a piece a paper and write on it ``I will pay the bearer 1 ELECTRUM STATER (1500 PIC)'' and sign it. Now you have an item having about the same buying power as the oldest coin in the world had---provided that you are solvable :).

If you want to also feel it, you can make it a token having the wood volume or cardboard area proportional to the PIC value. The computations for their sizes are available by clicking on the curency names below.

With the wooden versions you can add them up by weighting an assortment of tokens, like in the old times.

Have fun.

List of all PIC/Clarke-based theoretical currency systems

The currency systems that follow consist of the main currency and its subdivisions. The number in parantheses represents the ammount of each currency in pics.

CLARKE: Decimal clarke system (Arthur Clarke: the MWh as currency)

1 CLARKE (3600) = 10 DALEON (360) = 100 ZUZ (36) = 1000 MILLICLARKE (18/5)

CLARKE-ELECTRIC: Electric energy system

1 GWH-E (3600000) = 1000 CLARKE (3600) = 1000 MWH-E (3600) = 120000 WAAN (30) = 1000000 KWH-E (18/5)

CATTLE: Earliest systems of cattle and grain as currency

1 VACA (36000) = 10 OVIS (3600) = 40 KOKU (900) = 6000 KG (6) = 7200 LITRE (5)

PIXIPOL: Pixipol system (hexagensimal clarke)

1 PXT (216000) = 60 PXO (3600) = 60 CLARKE (3600) = 3600 PXP (60) = 216000 PIC (1) = 12960000 NIC (1/60)

DECIPIC: Decimal system based on PIC.

1 MOL (1000000) = 100 KLON (10000) = 1000 SOL (1000) = 10000 DON (100) = 100000 LON (10) = 1000000 PIC (1)

ATTIC: Attic system

1 TALANT (432000) = 60 MINA (7200) = 300 CROESID (1440) = 1500 TETRADRACHM (288) = 3000 DIDRACHM (144) = 6000 DRACHM (72) = 36000 OBOL (12)

ELENISTIC: Later greek system, combined with contemporary middle east systems

1 TALANT (432000) = 60 MINA (7200) = 200 DARIC (2160) = 1500 TETRADRACHM (288) = 3000 SHEKEL (144) = 3000 DIDRACHM (144) = 4000 SIGLOI (108) = 6000 DRACHM (72) = 12000 ZUZ (36) = 36000 OBOL (12) = 48000 TRITETARTEMORION (9) = 72000 HEMIOBOL (6) = 96000 TRIHEMITETARTEMORION (9/2) = 144000 TETARTEMORION (3) = 288000 HEMITETARTEMORION (3/2) = 288000 KHALKOI (3/2)

ROMAN: Roman early imperial system (O. Augustus).

1 AUREUS (1500) = 25 DENARIUS (60) = 100 SESTERT (15) = 250 AS (6)

BYZANTINE: Byzantine system

1 NOMISMA (1120) = 24 SILIQUA (140/3) = 420 FOLLIS (8/3) = 16800 NUMMUS (1/15)

CAROLINGIAN: Mid-medieval system in western Europe (mostly England and France)

1 POUND (6000) = 12 CROWN (500) = 20 SHILLING (300) = 240 PENNY (25)

SLAVIC: Early slavic system

1 GRIVNA (3200) = 40 RUBLE (80) = 50 KUNA (64) = 100 YARMAK (32) = 4000 KOPEIK (4/5) = 8000 DENGA (2/5)

JAPANESE: Pre-yen japanese system

1 RYO (3000) = 10/3 KOKU (900) = 4 BU (750) = 16 SHU (375/2) = 50 MONME (60) = 4000 MON (3/4)

SPANISH: Spanish empire/mexican system. PESO=piece-of-eight

1 DOUBLOON (1600) = 2 SCUD (800) = 4 PESO (400) = 8 PESETA (200) = 32 REAL (50) = 960 MARAVEDI (5/3)

DOLLAR: US/Spanish dollar, decimalised.

1 EAGLE (4000) = 10 DOLLAR (400) = 40 QUARTER (100) = 100 DIME (40) = 1000 CENT (4)

FRANC: Latin Monetary Union franc/leu/drachm/lira/rubble/etc.

1 POL (1500) = 20 FRANC (75) = 2000 CENTIME (3/4)

GOLD-POUND: British empire gold-standard pound

1 IMPOUND (1980) = 4 IMPCROWN (495) = 20 IMPSHILING (99) = 240 IMPENNY (33/4)

LATINUM: Ferengi-favored system from Star Trek

1 LATINUM-BRICK (600000) = 10 LATINUM-BAR (60000) = 200 LATINUM-STRIP (3000) = 20000 LATINUM-SLIP (30)

POTTER: Rowling's Harry Potter system

1 GALEON (493) = 17 SICKLE (29) = 493 KNUT (1)

List of all theoretical currencies, in ascending order of value

NAME PICs grams grams DEFINITION
pure Ag pure Au
PIC1 0.0578 0.0038The basic unit of the system, 1/60 pi-constant XDR
NIC1/60 0.0010 0.0001pic subunit in the 1:60 system
COWRIE-BAHT3/80 0.0022 0.0001Defined as 1/6400 baht
COWRIE-IND1/20 0.0029 0.0002Defined as 32/1280 ratti of silver
NUMMUS1/15 0.0039 0.00031/40 follis, 1/16800 solidus
G-CU1/5 0.0116 0.0008Gram of copper
JPY141/4 0.0145 0.0009japanese yen, end of 2014
DENIER5/16 0.0181 0.0012ancient subdivision of the livre, LMU franc/240, 'money' in french
DENGA2/5 0.0231 0.0015Oldest slavic unit, 1/200 rouble, 'money' in russian
CASH2/5 0.0231 0.00151/1000 yuan (peso), first subdivision of the yuan/peso
OTTOPARA54/125 0.0250 0.0016ottoman para, 1/40 ottoman kurus, 1/4000 lira, 1844
REIS1/2 0.0289 0.0019brasilian reis, 17th--19th century
PENNING9/16 0.0325 0.00211/16 stuiver, 1/2 duit, dutch penning, 1600
WEN3/5 0.0347 0.00231/1000 TAEL, pre-yuan chinese currency
PERSIAN-DINAR3/5 0.0347 0.00231/50 sahi, 1/10000 toman, dinar of account, Persia, 16th-19th century
PARA-ORG3/4 0.0434 0.0028Org reg para, 1/40 lei, 1830, Mold and Wal, 90 to a 'sfantz-org'
BAN-LMU3/4 0.0434 0.00281/100 of the silver (LMU) Romanian LEU.
MON3/4 0.0434 0.00281/4000 RYO, japanese pre-yen system
CENTIME3/4 0.0434 0.00281/100 of the LMU franc.
KOPEIK4/5 0.0463 0.0030Variant of the denga, 1/100 rouble
MJ-E1 0.0578 0.00381 megajoule electricity
KNUT1 0.0578 0.00381/29 SICKLE, 1/493 GALEONS, Harry Potter, see GALEON
GRAIN-S25/24 0.0602 0.0039actual troy grain of sterling
GRAIN-AG125/111 0.0651 0.0043actual troy grain of pure Ag
DUIT9/8 0.0650 0.00431/8 stuiver, 'money' in indonesia and the netherlands
VENDINARIO4/3 0.0771 0.00511/48 grosso, or venetian ducato 1202
HEMITETARTEMORION3/2 0.0867 0.00571/8 obol
KHALKOI3/2 0.0867 0.00571/8 obol
MARAVEDI5/3 0.0964 0.00631/30 real, 'money' in some languages
PAISA9/5 0.1041 0.00681/100 rupee
RATTI2 0.1156 0.0076ayurvedic unit, about 0.12125 g of silver, see also cowrie-ind
FOLLIS8/3 0.1542 0.01011/420 solidus
ZAR1414/5 0.1619 0.0106south african rand, 2014
KREUTZER3 0.1734 0.01141/60 gulden, 1559
TETARTEMORION3 0.1734 0.01141/4 obol
KWH-E18/5 0.2081 0.01371 kilowatt-hour electricity
MILLICLARKE18/5 0.2081 0.01371 clarke/1000
DANBAN18/5 0.2081 0.0137Small coin by Dan I of Wallachia, XVth century
SOU15/4 0.2168 0.0142Ancient subdivision of the livre
DENARO15/4 0.2168 0.0142SOLDO/12, LIRA/240, 'money' in italian
CENT4 0.2313 0.01521/100 dollar
WAMPUM4 0.2313 0.0152American indian shell currency.
MCAL-E21/5 0.2428 0.0159Electrical mega-calorie
ORE9/2 0.2602 0.01711/2 skilling, 1/96 riksdaler 1776
TRIHEMITETARTEMORION9/2 0.2602 0.01713/4/2 obol
DAM9/2 0.2602 0.01711/40 rupee, 20.96g Cu
LITRE5 0.2891 0.01901 cubic decimeter of wheat.
KG6 0.3469 0.02281 kg of wheat
AS6 0.3469 0.0228As, roman, 1/10 denarius
HEMIOBOL6 0.3469 0.0228
OZ-CU25/4 0.3613 0.0237about 1 troy oz of pure CU
FARTHING25/4 0.3613 0.0237quarter troy sterling penny
BISTI15/2 0.4336 0.0284quarter shahi, 1/2 pul
IMPENNY33/4 0.4770 0.0313gold standard (1900) penny
VLADUCAT8 0.4625 0.0303silver coin by Vladislav II, Wallachia, 1430
VENSOLDINO8 0.4625 0.03031/4 GROSSO, venice 1332
TRITETARTEMORION9 0.5203 0.03413/4 obol
RON149 0.5203 0.0341romanian new leu, end of 2014
STUVIER9 0.5203 0.0341guilder/20
SKILLING9 0.5203 0.03411/48 riksdaler, sweden 1776
LEON10 0.5781 0.0379Constant romanian leu (RON), 2010
LON10 0.5781 0.0379Convenient PIC multiple
DECAPIC10 0.5781 0.0379Convenient PIC multiple
RADUCAT54/5 0.6244 0.04103 DANBAN (see), in the range of the Radu I silver ducat, XVth century, Wallachia
KRONE-ORE54/5 0.6244 0.04101/100 KRONE gold standard
FIRFIRIC45/4 0.6504 0.042715 parale, reg organic
OBOL12 0.6938 0.0455attic obol, drachma/6
HALFPENNY25/2 0.7227 0.0474half troy sterling penny
WALBAN14 0.8094 0.0531Wallachian BAN, currency of account 1/3 WALDUCAT, 1/72 fertun
BANDENAR15 0.8672 0.05690.93g silver, denari banales hungary, 1200-1300
SESTERT15 0.8672 0.05691/4 denarius
PUL15 0.8672 0.05691/2 SHAHI, persia 16th cen
GRAIN-GOLD125/8 0.9033 0.0592about troy pound of fine actual or standard (0.91 pure) gold
GRAIN-AU275/16 0.9937 0.0652about troy pound of fine (pure) gold
G-S16 0.9250 0.0607Sterling (0.925 Ag) gram.
G-AG640/37 1.0000 0.0656Fine Ag gram
SCEAT16 0.9250 0.0607pre-hastings penny, anglo-saxon, 0.9-1.3 g of good silver
QG-AG35/2 1.0117 0.0664Approximate value of fine Ag Gram
OTTOGURUSH432/25 0.9990 0.0655ottoman gurush/kurush, 1844, lira/100
AKCE18 1.0406 0.0683Ottoman coin, XV century, 1.2g, 0.900
ASPRU18 1.0406 0.0683AKCE name in other countries (e.g. Romanian principalities)
ALBUS18 1.0406 0.06832 stuivier
VINTEM75/4 1.0840 0.0711short lived gold certificate, brazil early 19th century
NICKEL20 1.1563 0.07581/20 silver dollar (peso, piece of eight)
B-ASPRON-TRACHY45/2 1.3008 0.0853billon aspron trachy, 48 to hyperperon, byzantium 1100
DIOBOL24 1.3875 0.09102 obols
PENNY25 1.4453 0.09481/240 troy pound of sterling
SICKLE29 1.6766 0.1100Harry Potter world money, 29 knut, 1/17 galeons, see GALEON
LEU-ORG30 1.7344 0.1138LEU, organic regulations, moldavia and wallachia, 1830, 40 para
GROS30 1.7344 0.1138larger penny
WAAN30 1.7344 0.1138watt-year of electricity
USD1430 1.7344 0.1138US dollar, end of 2014
LATINUM-SLIP30 1.7344 0.1138One slip of gold-pressed latinum (Star Trek)
SHAHI30 1.7344 0.1138Persia, 16th century
YARMAK32 1.8500 0.12132g sterling, coin of Khazaria and the golden horde
GROSSO32 1.8500 0.1213ducato/grosso venetiano, Dandolo 1202, 2.18g * 0.985 silver
QIRAN32 1.8500 0.1213Persia, 1825--1932, 1 toman = 8 rial = 10 qiran = 200shahi = 10000 dinar
CHF1433 1.9078 0.1251swiss franc (last LMU franc surviving) 2014
ZUZ36 2.0812 0.1365any silver coin, palestina, 100AD
TRIOBOL36 2.0812 0.13653 obols
BANCUTA75/2 2.1680 0.1422moneda de 50 de bani, 1881; alternativ, 10 craitari (30 pici)
DIME40 2.3125 0.15171/20 silver dollar
EUR1440 2.3125 0.1517euro, end of 2014
WALDUCAT42 2.4281 0.1593wallachian ducat, 1500, 3 WALBAN
SILIQUA140/3 2.6979 0.17691/24 solidus (byzantine, Xth century)
XDR1445 2.6016 0.1706special drawing right, 2014
SOLDO45 2.6016 0.1706LIRA/20 ('money' in italian)
TETRAOBOL48 2.7750 0.18204 obols
DIRHAM50 2.8906 0.18963.1g sterling, early arabic coin
BIT50 2.8906 0.18961/8 of a dollar
REAL50 2.8906 0.18961/8 of a piece of 8
GBP1450 2.8906 0.1896GB pound, end of 2014
PARA54 3.1219 0.20483 AKCE/ASPRU, means 'money' in many balkan languages, about 1450
PXP60 3.4688 0.2275pixipol, the reference value of the pixipol system
MONME60 3.4688 0.22751/50 RYO, japaneze pre-yen system, 1609
DENARIUS60 3.4688 0.2275early roman imperial denarius, reference value
IND-AG-UNIT64 3.7000 0.2427Silver weight unit India 600--999
MILLARESION200/3 3.8542 0.2528variable bysantine coin, defined here as 1000 nummi
KUNA64 3.7000 0.2427slavic system, yr 900, used in Croatia afterwords
SFANTZ-ORG135/2 3.9023 0.2559Austrian swantzig org regulations mold wallach, 6.68g x 0.583
MITHQAL-S68 3.9313 0.25784.25 g of sterling, 1 mithqal of sterling
RIKSMARK72 4.1625 0.2730swedish, 8 skilling, 1/6 riksdaler
DRACHM72 4.1625 0.2730atenian drachm, broadest antic standard
MITHQAL-AG74 4.2781 0.28064.25 g of pure Ag, 1 mithqal
FRANC75 4.3359 0.2844LMU franc (leu, lira, drachm, etc)
LIVRE75 4.3359 0.2844Last value of the french livre, eq LMU franc
LB-CU75 4.3359 0.2844troy pound of copper
LARIN76 4.3938 0.2882persian larin
RUBLE80 4.6250 0.30331/200 hryvnia
GOLDSMARK90 5.2031 0.3413gold standard mark (reichsmark, 1900)
IMPSHILING99 5.7234 0.3754gold standard shilling (1900)
CUMINA100 5.7813 0.3792copper attic mina (500g)
TANGA100 5.7813 0.3792Timur 1400, persia, 6.2g silver
QUARTER100 5.7813 0.37921/4 dollar (piece of eight)
GROAT100 5.7813 0.3792fourpence
HECTOPIC100 5.7813 0.3792100 PIC
DON100 5.7813 0.379210 LON, 100 PIC convenient multiple
SIGLOI108 6.2438 0.40951/20 daric
KRONE108 6.2438 0.4095Scandinavian monetary union KRONE, 403 mg Au, gold standard
RIKSMYNT-DALER108 6.2438 0.4095RIKSMYNT RIKSDALER, 1/4 SPECIE RIKSDALER, SWEDEN 1855
MIRULIRA120 6.9375 0.4550charming private currency
VIC14120 6.9375 0.45501USD+1GBP+1EUR=1 victoric, private currency, value in 2014
ABBASI120 6.9375 0.4550Persia, 16th cen, 4 sahi
SHEKEL144 8.3250 0.5460One of the 'light' shekels
DIDRACHM144 8.3250 0.5460Atenian, 2drh
STATER144 8.3250 0.5460Earliest unit of measure, in silver
GOLDGUILDER160 9.2500 0.6067Dutch guilder, 1850-1936, gold standard 605mg
RUPEE180 10.4063 0.6825First silver ruppe
GUILDER180 10.4063 0.6825Dutch guilder, 1680-1850
SHU375/2 10.8398 0.7109RYO/16, japanese pre-yen system
IMPFLORIN192 11.1000 0.72802 shillings, 1900
PESETA200 11.5625 0.7583first peseta, 1/2 peso
KG-CU200 11.5625 0.7583kg of copper
ECU225 13.0078 0.85313 livre
REICHSTHALER232 13.4125 0.8797Prusia thaler, 1750-1857, 12/14 of VEREINSTHALER
BAHT240 13.8750 0.9100silver baht: 15g Ag (sterling) or 6/10 dollar
G-GOLD240 13.8750 0.9100g 0.91 Au (standard/actual) gold
G-AU264 15.2625 1.0010g pure Au
DAALDER270 15.6094 1.02381.5 gulden, 30 stuiver
VEREINSTHALER270 15.6094 1.0238500/30g, pure Ag, unknown fineness, but 3 goldmarks
SHILLING300 17.3438 1.1375troy sterling shilling
TETRADRACHM288 16.6500 1.09204 drachm, important atenian drachm multiple
TYRSHEKEL300 17.3438 1.1375temple, tyrian, large shekel
LEEUWENDAALDER360 20.8125 1.365027.68g silver x 0.75, 1600
DALEON360 20.8125 1.3650easier name of the LEEUWENDAALDER
E-ASPRON-TRACHY360 20.8125 1.3650byzantine electrum aspron-trachy 1/3 hyperperon
PENTADRACHM360 20.8125 1.3650byzantine electrum aspron-trachy 1/3 hyperperon
DOLLAR400 23.1250 1.5167piece of eight, peso, piaster, yuan, yen
P-O-EIGHT400 23.1250 1.5167piece of eight, peso
MTTHALER400 23.1250 1.5167Maria Theresa thaler
CONVENTHALER400 23.1250 1.5167Conventions thaler, 1/10 cologne mark [of pure Ag]
PESO400 23.1250 1.5167piece of eight, peso
RIKSDALER432 24.9750 1.63804 krone, riksdaler specie, like norwegian specie daler
HEXADRACHM432 24.9750 1.63806drh
TALER450 26.0156 1.7063most thalers
JOACHIMSTHALER450 26.0156 1.7063joachimsthaler
RIJKSDAALDER450 26.0156 1.706350 stuivers, 2.5 gulden
IMPCROWN495 28.6172 1.87695 gold standard shillings (1900)
CROWN500 28.9063 1.89581/12 troy sterling pound, cca 5 impshilling or 5 gbp90
QUINTAL500 28.9063 1.8958quintal of wheat
MILREIS500 28.9063 1.8958portugal early modern
OZ-S500 28.9063 1.89581/12 troy pound, sterling
GULDENGROSCHEN504 29.1375 1.9110Guldengroschen Austria 1480
GALEON493 28.5016 1.8693Harry Potter money. About 4.97 GBP or 10.17 USD, late XXth century.
OZ-AG540 31.2188 2.04751/12 POUND, pure AG
OCTADRACHM576 33.3000 2.18408 drachmae
FLORIN600 34.6875 2.27502 troy sterling shillings
TAEL600 34.6875 2.275037.5g sterling, pre-yuan silver unit in China
GCAL-T630 36.4219 2.3888gigacalorie thermal
DECADRACHM720 41.6250 2.7300largest athenian coin
BU750 43.3594 2.8438RYO/4 japanese pre-yen system
WALPERPER756 43.7062 2.8665Wallachian perper (money of account) 18 WALDUCAT
CHERVONET800 46.2500 3.033310 rubles or one zlot
ZLOT800 46.2500 3.0333early ducat-like gold coin in Poland
SCUD800 46.2500 3.03332 pieces of eight, gold (escudo)
DUCAT900 52.0313 3.4125reference gold coin, venice, 1500, 2 thalers
FIORINO900 52.0313 3.4125fiorino d'oro, = 1 ducat
LIRA900 52.0313 3.4125First italian lira, account money = 1 fiorino
KOKU900 52.0313 3.4125Enough grain (150kg) to feed a man for a year (JP)
GALBEN-ORG945 54.6328 3.5831Dutch ducat, org regul, mold wallach, 31 lei+20 para
GJ-E1000 57.8125 3.79171 gigajoule electrical
KILOPIC1000 57.8125 3.7917kilo-PIC
SOL1000 57.8125 3.7917a more convenient solidus-class value for the pic sustem
FERTUN1008 58.2750 3.82201/4 mark, money of account, medieval Hungary
MITHQAL-G1020 58.9688 3.86754.25g of 0.91 gold (our gold standard purity)
IND-AU-UNIT1024 59.2000 3.8827Gold weight unit India 600--999
DINAR1050 60.7031 3.9813reference arabic coin, mithqal of purer gold
SOLIDUS1050 60.7031 3.9813reference, widely used, byzantine coin, 1100
HYPERPYRON1080 62.4375 4.0950Bysantium, 4.45g Au, 0.9--0.95
BEZANT1080 62.4375 4.0950another name for the hyperpyron
NOMISMA1120 64.7500 4.2467reference, original solidus, the original high purity, 4.48g
DEBEN1440 83.2500 5.4600egyptian unit, silver
CROESID1440 83.2500 5.4600first ever, lydian, coin, one stater electrum 55%, by Croesus
AUREUS1500 86.7188 5.6875reference roman coin (Diocletian)
POL1500 86.7188 5.6875napoleon gold coin
DOUBLOON1600 92.5000 6.06672 scuds, gold
OTTOLIRA1728 99.9000 6.5520ottoman lira, 1844-1920 99.82 g pure silver, 6.62g gold, gold standard
LOUIS1800 104.0625 6.825024 livre
IMPOUND1980 114.4688 7.5075gold standard british pound (1900)
SOVEREIGN1980 114.4688 7.5075gold standard british pound (1900)
DARIC2160 124.8750 8.1900reference coin, persian empire, darius the great
FILIPIC2160 124.8750 8.1900reference coin, macedonian kingdom, filip the great
KOSON2160 124.8750 8.1900dacian gold coin, about 1 stater of pure gold, 30 drachmas
MOHUR2700 156.0938 10.2375mohur, 15 silver ruppee, also 10.95g gold
RYO3000 173.4375 11.3750pre-yen currency in Japan, Togukawa, 1609, cca 187g silver
LATINUM-STRIP3000 173.4375 11.3750One strip of gold-pressed latinum (Star Trek)
GRIVNA3200 185.0000 12.1333weight unit, in silver (200g) slavic world
PXO3600 208.1250 13.6500pixorlant, 60 pixipols, multiple in the pic sistem
CLARKE3600 208.1250 13.6500Arthur C Clarke predicted MWh as universal currency unit in 2016
MWH-E3600 208.1250 13.6500megawatt-hour electricity
OVIS3600 208.1250 13.6500maximum price of a good, healthy, full-grown sheep
MARK-LOEDIG3600 208.1250 13.6500210g, scandinavian mark, 9/10 colgne mark
EAGLE4000 231.2500 15.166710 US dollars, as defined by the coinage act of 1792
MARK4000 231.2500 15.1667medieval sterling mark, 2/3 troy pound
GCAL-E4200 242.8125 15.9250giga-calorie, electrical
POUND6000 346.8750 22.7500troy pound of sterling, widely used theoretical currency
TOMAN6000 346.8750 22.7500200 sahi, 10000 dinar of account, Persia XVIth century (initial value)
TON6000 346.8750 22.7500metric ton of wheat
FUND6400 370.0000 24.26672 hrivnyas
MINA7200 416.2500 27.3000attic mina of sterling
OZ-GOLD7500 433.5938 28.4375about 1 gold troy oz of 0.91 (actual/standard) gold
OZ-AU8250 476.9531 31.2813about 1 gold troy oz of fine (pure) gold
KLON10000 578.1250 37.9167a more convenient mina-class value for the pic sustem
KG-S16000 925.0000 60.6667Sterling (0.925 Ag) gram.
KG-AG640000/37 1000.0000 65.5856Fine Ag kgram
QKG-AG17500 1011.7188 66.3542Approximate value of fine Ag kgram
VACA36000 2081.2500136.5000Price of a cow
LATINUM-BAR60000 3468.7500227.5000One bar of gold-pressed latinum (Star Trek)
LB-GOLD90000 5203.1250341.2500about 1 troy pound of fine actual or standard (0.91 pure) gold
LB-AU99000 5723.4375375.3750about 1 troy pound of fine (pure) gold
GALACTIC-CREDIT120000 6937.5000455.0000galactic credit standard of Star Wars
KG-GOLD240000 13875.0000910.0000g 0.91 Au (standard/actual) gold
PXT216000 12487.5000819.0000pictalant, 60 pixorlants, 3600 pixipols
KG-AU264000 15262.50001001.0000g pure Au
TALANT432000 24975.00001638.0000attic talent of sterling
CONTODEREIS500000 28906.25001895.8334modern portugal money of account
LATINUM-BRICK600000 34687.50002275.0000Supposedly one brick of gold-pressed latinum (Star Trek), hundred pounds
MOL1000000 57812.50003791.66671000 sol, convenient pic system multiple
TJ-E1000000 57812.50003791.6667Terrajoule, electrical
GWH-E3600000 208125.000013650.0000Gigawatthour, electrical
KILOCLARKE3600000 208125.000013650.0000Gigawatthour, electrical